History Of Comics
Comic became an integral part of the American culture and media during the early nineteen century. The first comic was developed in America during the same period to attract customers to buy Sunday edition of a newspaper. This new art form was well appreciated by Americans. When it comes to the development of comic and comical characters the few names needs to be greatly credited. Richard Outcault, William Randolph Hearst, Joseph Pulitzer, James Swinnerton and Rudolph Dirks are one of the pioneers who contributed a lot to the development of comic and its characters
- The first one-panel comic was created byRichardOutcault
- William Randolph Hearst created the largest panel of comic very soon
- Joseph Pulitzer introduced comic as part of yellow journalism
- James Swinnerton is one of the earliest cartoonists who gave birth to various comic characters
- Rudolph Dirks introduced the in-panel dialogue box for the comic series
In the initial days, the main ingredients of a comic were humour. Early comics were published in the American newspapers with one episode of humorous incidences and topics. The next episode that would come the next week had no link with the previous ones. That would be a new story. This format of comic remained unchanged for almost thirty years. However with the passage of time, the comic illustrators and the writers have started making series of interrelated episodes. “Little Nemo in Slumberland” and “In the Land of Wonderful Dreams” are few examples of developed version of comics having stories divided into episodes.
Advent Of The Scientific Age
Another major change took place during the early twentieth century. This was the time and the age of scientific inventions. People have started talking more about science and technology. The kids would be thrilled to know about stories of planets and gadgets. This was the time when Edgar Rice Burroughs wrote the first science fiction Comic known as Under the Moons of Mars. This series of stories had a descriptive illustration of science fiction.
The First Comic Book
With a huge success of comic in the newspapers, pioneer printing presses have started thinking possible ways to use the colour tool in other possible ways. In the year of 1933, EsternColor Press came up with an idea of compiling comics into broadsheets. This broadsheet could be folded and carried. This was the first modern book of comic. Initially, some of the comic books were distributed free and was well reciprocated. Comics like the funnies on parade was initially distributed free. Gradually publishers started printing series of comic books which were well received by the viewers around the world.
Decline Of The Demand Of Comic
With the growth of various medium of entertainment, demand for comic gradually declined. Many comical characters have become the part of television series and movies now. The Marvel heroes like the Batman and the Spiderman originated from comics are now part of TV series and movies. Finally, with the advent of the internet, the demand for comics fell tremendously.